Adding reference with different model name in Rails 7

14 Oct 2022

To add a reference on a model where the reference is named different from the model, do the following:

rails generate migration Add<Reference Name>To<Target Model> <Reference name>:references


rails generate migration AddCreatorToOrders creator:references

Then edit the created migration to be the following:

class AddCreatorToOrders < ActiveRecord::Migration[7.0]
  def change
    add_reference :orders, :creator, foreign_key: { to_table: :users }

The important bit here is changing foreign_key: true to foreign_key: { to_table: :users }.

Finally you also need to specify the relationship correctly on the model:

belongs_to :creator, class_name: 'User'

Done and dusted.